Willie Nelson Imprimir
Country Music - Contemporaneos
Música Propia: VinsMarti.es

 

 

 


Español

 

Willie Nelson

Dueño de una particular e inconfundible voz nasal, Willie Nelson se erige en uno de los músicos más influyentes de los últimos 40 años en la música contemporánea mundial. El gran logro de Willie Nelson es haber trascendido las fronteras de la música country, siendo un notable compositor de letras que interpretaron artistas de la talla de Steve Wonder, Frank Sinatra, Bing Crosby o Julio Iglesias. La vida de este carismático y emblemático artista se inicia en Fort Worth, Texas, pero a la temprana edad de tres años y debido al fallecimiento de su padre y el alejamiento de su madre, se traslada junto a su hermana Bobbie a la localidad texana de Abbott, donde residían sus abuelos. El ámbito rural de este nuevo hogar y el amor por la música que le inculcan sus abuelos hace que Willie, a la temprana edad de 7 años compusiera algunas letras y ejecutara la guitarra. Paralelamente, aprende las tareas de granjero, las cuales alternaba con el aprendizaje de la guitarra en los ratos libres que le permitía su enseñanza escolar.
Al terminar el ciclo primario pasa al ciclo secundario, donde continúa aprendiendo y escuchando música. Su hermana Bobbie (mayor) aprende a ejecutar piano y se casa con el violinista Bud Fletcher quien los invita a sumarse a su banda. Para entonces, Willie ya había sido invitado a participar de una pequeña banda conocida como: Raychecks' Polka Band.

 

Una vez finalizada esta etapa, se enrola en la fuerza aérea para combatir en Corea, pero luego de un breve tiempo (debe abandonar por problemas en su espalda), decide regresar y establecerse en Waco, a efectos de inscribirse en la Universidad Baylor. En esta etapa se casa con una india Cherokee, con quien tiene una hija: Lana. Puede entenderse entonces, que su lucha por la causa indígena que llevaría más adelante, ya tenía sus cimientos desde muy joven. Antes de su mudanza a Nashville en 1960, Willie ejerce de disc-jockey en varios centros y clubes nocturnos de Texas y California, donde también se anima a cantar. Asimismo, conduce como DJ un programa de radio en Fort Worth.
Con muy pocos recursos y en momentos en que replanteaba su carrera, Willie decide vender una de su canciones, titulada:"Family Bible", a un instructor de guitarra por la suma de 50 dólares, sin pensar que dicha canción sería un éxito en 1960 en la voz del cantante Claude Gray. Lejos de amilanarlo, en 1960 Willie decide mudarse a probar suerte a Nashville, comenzando a realizar interpretaciones en el famoso Toutsie’s Orchid Loungue (cuna de grandes cantantes country) donde despierta la curiosidad de Hank Cochran quien rápidamente lo vincula a Ray Price, siendo invitado a trabajar con él como bajista de los Cherokee Cowboys, quienes acompañaban a este gran cantante. El aspecto de Willie en estos años era muy lejano al que luego impondría como marca registrada. Lucía entonces de pelo corto, traje y corbata, mostrando una personalidad algo tímida y bastante conservadora.

Si bien sus principales éxitos los logra como cantante a partir de la década del´70, su carrera de compositor se inicia en los´60 creando temas que se convirtieron en grandes hits en las voces de Ray Price ("Night Life"), Patsy Cline ("Crazy"), Billy Walker ("Funny How Time Slips Away"), Roy Orbison (“Pretty paper“) y Faron Young ("Hello Walls"). Este último tema alcanzó el primer puesto de los charts Country durante 9 semanas consecutivas, en tanto “Crazy“ alcanzaba los primeros puestos del chart Pop. Silenciosamente, en esta etapa Willie Nelson graba para el sello Liberty dos álbumes entre los años 1962 y 1963, antes de pasar a RCA Victor (1964) donde desarrollaría su mayor caudal musical (13 álbumes entre 1965 y 1972). Se pueden destacar de esta primera época los temas: “Touch me“ y “Willingly“ (este último junto a su segunda esposa, Shirley Collie), los cuales alcanzan el top ten del chart Country. Ya en 1964, Willie comienza a ser un habitué de los conciertos en el Grand Ole Opry. No obstante ello, el sello Liberty decide cerrar su división “Country“ y dedicarse de lleno al Rock y al pop.
Tras su paso a RCA Victor, entre 1965 y 1969 solo alcanza un suceso (puesto N ° 13) con el tema "Bring Me Sunshine" de 1969. Sus primeras canciones en los inicios de los ´70 lo encuentran como un ícono retratista del Texas de entonces, teniendo entre su público una mezcla variopinta de rednecks y hippies. En lo que respecta a su vida personal, Willie comienza a tener algunos problemas sociales donde se incluye el alcoholismo (que pudo superar posteriormente), la inclinación por el manejo de armas y varios problemas conyugales. No obstante, en 1973 lanza el álbum “Shotgun Willie“ (primer álbum desde su nuevo sello Atlantic) que lo acerca a músicos de rock como León Russell y Doug Sahm. Se trataba de un álbum algo experimental, atento que Atlantic era un sello discográfico especializado en soul o música negra.
No conforme con la producción musical de esa época, Willie inicia su gran debut con dos álbumes muy conceptuales: “Phases & Stages“ (1974) y “Red-headed Stranger“(1975).
El primero narra las desaveniencias conyugales (suyas) desde dos puntos de vista: el del marido y el de la mujer. En el último álbum tiene el orgullo de ser acompaña en piano por su hermana Bobbie.
De esta etapa destacan las versiones de “Blues Eyes Crying in the Rain“, "Bloody Mary Morning", "After the Fire Is Gone" y "Stay All Night (Stay a Little Longer)" de Bob Wills, que se convertirían en importantes hits muy pronto, aunque sin entrar en los convencionalismos del sonido Nashville imperante en esa época. Sin embargo, el movimiento revulsivo y anticomercial ya había nacido unos años antes en las figuras de Waylon Jennings y Tompall Glasser, dos fundadores del movimiento outlaw (los “fuera de la ley“), quienes de alguna manera se oponían al sonido Nashville, un sonido carente de letras imaginativas o comprometidas con los problemas sociales de la época.

Precisamente la palabra outlaw aparece por primera vez en un álbum de Waylon Jennings de 1972 ("Ladies Love Outlaws") y marcaría el inicio de dicho movimiento al cual se acoplaría Willie más tarde. Precisamente, junto a Jennings, Glasser y Jessie Colter graban el disco que llegaría a ser platino: “¡Wanted! The Outlaws" (1976), una pieza imprescindible para quienes pretenden comprender la evolución de la música country desde los ’70 hasta nuestro tiempo. De este álbum, el tema “Good-hearted Woman“ es nominado Canción del Año por la Country Music Association. Asimismo, la placa trae connotaciones de Jimmie Rodgers y canciones clásicas como “My Heroes Have Always Been Cowboys“.
Más allá de estos logros, la forma de interpretar sus canciones (voz poco romántica, letras de composición muy métricas, demasiado fraseo y estilo algo antiguo) y algunas actitudes poco simpáticas para la visión de una sociedad muy conservadora (defensa de los intereses indígenas, llevar de acompañante en sus giras sureñas a Charlie Pride, un cantante negro, y estar casado por tercera) hicieron difícil la contratación de este artista por nuevas compañías discográficas. No obstante ello, Willie creyó siempre en su propio estilo y tuvo su recompensa cuando se presentó en el auditorio de Armadillo World (Austin), donde fue aclamado por un público muy joven y encima de gustos rockanroleros.

El respeto por mantener un estilo, lejos de convencionalismos banales y la actitud revulsiva hacia la industria por parte de los llamados outlaws, dieron origen a un nuevo formato musical no convencional: el llamado “sonido Austin“, donde se funden el country tradicional junto al folk y el rock.
En 1976, tres temas suyos "Remember Me," "If You've Got the Money I've Got the Time," y "Uncloudy Day" alcanzan el Top Ten del chart Country; en tanto en 1977 los temas: "I Love You a Thousand Ways" y el dúo con Mary Kay Place "Something to Brag About" también logran el top ten. En 1978 aparece el álbum “Waylon & Willie“, el primero de una saga que unió a estos dos grandes outlaws, dando lugar a un memorable tema: "Mammas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys".

Ese mismo año se edita “Stardust“, una impresionate pieza que llegó a vender más de 4 millones de copias, y donde interpretó a artistas tales como Tin Pan Alley, George Gershwin y Hoagy Carmichael. Se trató de un disco multiplatino que supo rescatar piezas populares (al estilo de Rod Stewart en nuestros días), manteniéndose durante nueve años en las listas de ventas.
En 1979 recibe el premio al Mejor Artista del año por la CMA (Country Music Association). Aprovechando estos momentos de gloria, a fines de los´70 llega el momento de hacer cine, una de las facetas que Willie supo sacar también buen rédito. Interviene junto a Robert Redford y Jane Fonda en “Electric Horseman“ (1979) y luego en la película “Honeysuckle Rose“ (1980) como protagonista principal, junto a Hank Cochran, Johnny Gimble y Emmylou Harris. De esta época surge el gran éxito “On the Road Again“. Otras películas donde intervino Willie Nelson son: “Barbarosa“ (1982), “Coming out of the Ice“, “Songwriter“, “Red Headed Stranger“ (1986), “Stagecoach“ (1986, junto a John Schneider, Cash, Kristofferson y Jennings), "Wag the dog“ (1997)“ y el papel del tío Jessie en la reciente remake de los “Dukes de Hazzard“ (2005).
Los años ’80 encuentran a Willie Nelson en un momento experimental de su carrera, donde se aleja un tanto del sonido Austin para incursionar en el pop, jazz, blues, folk y rock. No obstante, inicia la década con un excelente álbum de western swing a dúo con quien iniciara su carrera: Ray Price ("San Antonio Rose"). En 1982, un cover de Elvis Presley “Always on my Mind“ lo catapulta al primer puesto (durante dos semanas) del chart Country y al 5° puesto del chart Pop. El álbum que llevó el mismo nombre alcanzó el puesto N° 2 de ventas en el circuito pop. Por esa canción, recibe el premio de la CMA a la mejor canción del año. Entre 1983 y 1985, Willie graba diferentes álbumes a dúo con artistas tales como Merle Haggard ("Pancho & Lefty", 1983, nominado álbum del año), Roger Miller ("Old Friends", 1983), nuevamente con Waylon Jennings (1982 y 1983) y con Kris Kristofferson ("Music from Songwriter", 1984). Sin embargo, el mayor suceso discográfico lo obtiene el tema “To All the Girls I've Loved Before“ a dúo con Julio Iglesias, logrando el puesto N° 1 en los charts Pop singles y el puesto 5° en el chart de álbums Pop. En 1985 forma junto a Johnny Cash, Kriss Kristofferson y Waylon Jennings, los Highwayman, quienes lograrían editar más delante otros dos álbumes.

Sin embargo, los gustos musicales iban cambiando y se iban acercando hacia melodías más orientadas al pop. Es el inicio del new country, que permite el ascenso de figuras jóvenes y de muy buen aspecto, lo cual contrastaba con la figura ya algo erosionada de Willie. Apenas en 1989 recibe un premio honorario “Living Leyend“ en la entrega de los Grammy de ese año. En esta época, Willie instaura las celebraciones del 4 de Julio (día de la Independencia de EE.UU) con picnics multitudinarios en plazas y parques, donde reúne a figuras musicales de la talla de León Russell, Kristofferson, Roy Acuff, W. Jennings, Tex Ritter, Charlie Rich y Asleep at the Wheel. Estos encuentros fueron el preludio de los posteriores Farm Aid, una serie de conciertos a beneficio de granjeros pobres, que se celebraba anualmente y que marca una importante fasceta humanitaria en su carrera. En estos conciertos, Willie logra fusionar a artistas country junto a rockers prestigiosos que de tanto en tanto incursionaron en el estilo country como Bonnie Raitt, Neil Young y John Mellencamp.

Pero de manera imprevista, en noviembre de 1991 Willie es demandado por la IRS en 16.5 millones de dólares debido a la falta de pago de impuestos y tasas federales, lo cual socava su patrimonio y lo pone en serios aprietos económicos. Este es el momento en que edita el álbum doble “Who’ll Buy my Memories“ (quien comprará mis memorias), en cuyas tapas aparece el logo de la IRS y cuyas ventas ayudan a reducir sus deudas con el fisco, en uno de sus mejores y más logrados álbumes hasta entonces. Lo inusual de este álbum es que está grabado casi a capella, con su voz y guitarra solamente.
Recién en 1993 Willie Nelson logra pagar completamente sus deudas fiscales, siendo el momento de editar un nuevo álbum: “Across the Bordeline“ el cual recibe muy buena crítica, y donde participan figuras de la talla de Paul Simon, Bob Dylan, Sinéad O’Connor, David Crosby y Bonnie Raitt, entre otros.
En este año, Willie Nelson es incorporado al Country Music Hall of Fame. Para reponerse económicamente, Willie inicia una serie de giras por varios países, cosechando aplausos y reconocimientos lo cual es indicativo de la gran popularidad que este artista tiene en gran parte del mundo.
Los finales de los ’90 encuentran a Willie Nelson muy prolífico en cuanto a actuaciones y discos, dentro de los cuales se pueden rescatar: "Spirit" (1996) y "How Great Art Thou" (1997). En 2000 aparece otro buen álbum: “Milk Cow Blues“. En 2003 celebra sus 70 años, lo cual sirve de pretexto para grabar una nueva placa: “Live & Kickin‘ (with friends)".
Al año siguiente, edita un revival de su ícono outlaw de 1976, titulado: “Outlaws and Angels“ con la participación de Keith Richards, Rickie Lee Jones, Ben Harper, Carole King y Al Green, entre otros. Ese mismo año, el tema editado en video “Beer for my Horses“ (a dúo con Toby Keith) gana el premio al mejor video musical por parte de la CMA. En 2005 participa del concierto del Austin Music Hall en beneficio de las víctimas del Tsunami, en tanto junto a un grupo de empresarios ese año crea la empresa “Bio - Willie“, un combustible fabricado a partir de aceites vegetales (especialmente de la soja), en un intento de reducir la polución ambiental. El 2005 es La guitarra gastada de Willie: su nombre es "Trigger" en homenaje al caballo de Roy Rogers.el año de una extraño álbum: “Countryman“, con estilo puramente reagge, un estilo musical totalmente ajeno a él, aunque a esta altura de su vida, Willie está autorizado para experimentar en cualquier rubro musical.
En 2006, Willie sorprendió a todos en el día de San Valentín, con una versión (en sonido tex-mex y aparecida solo en Internet) del tema escrito hace 20 años por Ned Sublette: “Cowboys are Frequently, Secretly Fond of Each Other“, en clara alusión al romance de los cowboys gay del filme “Secreto en la Montaña“.
En conclusión: Willie Nelson representa el más puro anticonvencionalismo a nivel musical y social, donde la defensa de ideales (algo tan olvidado en estos tiempos) constituye su principal patrimonio, y el mejor de los ejemplos a seguir, le guste a quien le guste.

Y para culminar, he aquí a Willie con sus grandes amigos, Kris Kristofferson, Johnny Cash y Waylon Jennings, de la época en que formó con ellos el supergrupo The Highwaymen, interpretando "Highwayman", el tema de Jimmy Webb que dió nombre al grupo. Que los disfruten.

Inglish

Willie Nelson was born on April 30, 1933 in Abbot, Texas to parentsIra and Myrle Nelson. As a child, Willie and his sister Bobbie Lee Nelsonwere raised by their paternal grandparents. The young Nelsons' firstmusical experiences came from mail-order courses their grandparents taughtto them. Willie Nelson was given his first guitar at age six.Growing up, music had been a central part of Willie's life. He wasfascinated by by big band, country (Texas-Style), and especially by the musicof Frank Sinatra. Willie's first gig was playing at a dance at age 10. During his teenage years, Willie played dances and honkey-tonks with Bud Fletcher and Floyd Tillman, among others. Aside from the bands, He earnedmoney as a door to door salesman. Later, in high school, Nelson worked for a local radio station, and by his graduating year he had his own radio show.After briefly serving in the Air Force, Willie, now twenty three,singehandedly recorded, financed, and sold his first song, entitled "No PlaceFor Me". By 1959, Willie had been married and divorced and was the father oftwo children. Willie was working as a full time disk-jockey and wrote songsin his spare time. One of his best works, "Family Bible" was written andsold for a little more than $100.The next year, however, was a different story. Nelson finally madea decent amount of money from selling songs, particulary "Night Life" whichhe sold for and undisclosed amount to three Texas businessmen. Willie boughta buick convertible and set off, bound for Nashville. Compared to the 'Country Dump' Willie Nelson lived in before the move, he fell in love withNashville. Rightly so, because after only two years he had well establishedhimself as a writer and had already sold two number one hits to Faron Youngand Patsy Cline. This began a real change of Nelson's attitude twoardthings.Willie continued writing and selling music until December of 1970when his house burnt down. Nelson packed up his things and headed back toTexas. After living in Nashville for ten years, Nelson had forgot about thelack of musicians in Texas. With very few candidates in the market forbuying Willie's music he soon became hard-pressed to sell anything. Sincehe couldn't write and sell music, Nelson did the next best thing; he beganperforming his own work. Within the first year back in Texas, Willie hadrecorded two albums, "Shotgun Willie" and "Phases And Stages".Willie Nelson continued writing and preforming in Texas over the next few years. In 1973 as his popularity grew, he started an IndependenceDay picnic that has grown and is still around today. Then came 1975. One of his almost nameless albums, "Red Headed Stranger", was introduced to the charts. It was a smash success, placing the name Willie Nelson in the spotlight. This prompted a collection of older Nelson music, released on onealbum, "Wanted: The Outlaws". This Nelson album, with over 1,000,000copies, became the top selling country music album in history.Around 1978, Willie launched his acting career. Nelson played rolesin several films, including "Red Headed Stranger", "Thief", "Honeysuckle Rose", "Barbarosa", "Pair of Aces", "Songwriter", "Electric Horseman", "Stagecoach", and many more. Willie Nelson has alsodone television acting and cameo appearances. Nelson's most recent actingwork includes a reoccurring role on "Doctor Quinn, Medicine Woman", a guestappearance on "Nash Bridges", and a role in 1997's "Wag The Dog".Since then, Willie has continued along the road of stardom, continually producing new hits. In the early eighties, Nelson began preforming duets with such diverse talents as Bob Dylan, Dolly Parton, MerleHaggard, Neil Young, and many others. His success and popularity has withheld strongly into the 1990s. In 1993, Nelson's 1983 song "On The RoadAgain" was used in the critically acclaimed soundtrack to the movie "Forrest Gump". The 90s have also seen the introduction of many great Nelson albums,such as "Across The Borderline", "Moonlight Becomes You", and "Just One Love".Willie Nelson has proved to be a representative of American persistance under adversity and of what we call Americana. Throughout hislife, Willie Nelson has not only entertained, but has provided a part ofhimself as our country's heritage. As an overall answer to the question "Who is Willie Nelson?", I think Leon Russell put it best:With hair as long as the generosity and talent as big as the heart, there is also a compassion that appears to be endless. Willie is a giant among men who lives inside a quiet down to earth understanding.-Leon Russell

 

******************************************

Grizzled American singer/songwriter, a giant in country music of the 1970s and early 80s who also took up acting at the peak of his success. Beginning as a songwriter in the 60s 9with his tunes sung by diverse artists including Elvis Presley and Patsy Cline), Nelson ultimately bucked the constraints Nashville system, embraced the anti-establishment spirit of his times, grew a beard, braided his long hair into pigtails and began performing his own music around 1970. By 1975 he had broken through with the seminal album "Red Headed Stranger," (one of country music's first "concept: albums telling a larger, connected story through its songlist), ultimately winning a multitude of Grammy awards and establishing himself, along with fellow iconclasts Waylon Jennings and Merle Haggard, as the vanguard of an anti-Nashville musical movement dubbed "outlaw country." With country-influenced rock and roll dominating the charts via groups like the Eagles and the Allman Brothers, Nelson also achieved a great degree of mainstream success among a pop audience as well.

Nelson's first serious acting role, as Robert Redford's manager in "The Electric Horseman" (1979), turned out surprisingly well; the following year he landed his first lead role in the frankly autobiographical "Honeysuckle Rose", for which he also contributed one of his best-known songs, "On the Road Again," followed by a winning supporting turn as an aging burglar in Michael Mann's crime drama "Thief" (1981). The bewhiskered Nelson has since turned in several fine performances, generally as country-western singers or cowboys, roles which neither tax his range nor require him to disguise his likable Texas twang. His best works include the well-crafted Western "Barbarosa" (1982) in which he played a legendary outlaw with a heart of gold; director Alan Rudolph's inside-country music comedy "Songwriter" (1984) with his close off-screen friend Kris Kristofferson (the duo also penned the film's pointedly funny songs); and "The Red-Headed Stranger" (1986) which built its Western story out of songs from Nelson's critically acclaimed album.

Nelson also delivered a fun turn as a songwriting spinmeister in the political comedy "Wag the Dog" (1997), played off of his well-known image as a marijuana advocate in the pot comedy "Half-Baked" (1998) and appeared amusingly as himself in the comedies "Dill Scallion" and "Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me" (both 1999). In 2005 he made a welcome return to the big screen, playing Uncle Jesse in the big screen remake of the TV favorite "The Dukes of Hazzard." Nelson, whose close friend Jennings played the Balladeer on the original series, lent the role his considerable folksy charm, but he was underserved by the script, which required him to delvier too many "Hee Haw" style corny jokes. On the plus side, Nelson struck up a seemingly unlikely friendship with his young co-star Jessica Simpson, and the two performed on stage together frequently to surprisingly good effect when the film debuted.

Nelson has contributed songs to a multitude of films, among them "Coal Miner's Daughter," "Porky's Revenge," "Desert Hearts," "My Cousin Vinny," "A Perfect World," "Forrest Gump," "Michael," "Space Cowboys," "Bride of Chucky" and "Shrek."

Nelson has made many TV appearances, one of them in a rehash of "Stagecoach" (1986) which co-starred Johnny Cash and Nelson's frequent collaborators Jennings and Kristofferson (the foursome also made up the country music supergroup The Highwaymen). His other telepics included "The Last Days of Frank and Jesse James" (1986), "Once Upon a Texas Train" (1988), "Where the Hell's That Gold?!!?" (1988) and, with Kristofferson, two "Pair of Aces" films (1990, 1991). As a full-fledged pop culture icon, he's appeared and performed as himself on countless country music series and specials, and proved a facile raconteur on the talk show circuit. He acted on such series as "Miami Vice" and "Nash Bridges" and had a recurring role on "Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman," played himself on "Monk" and lent his voice to the animated series "The Simpsons" and "King of the Hill." As an advocate of the struggling American farmer, Nelson also famously teamed with rock singer John Mellencamp in the mid-1980s to create and headline the long-running series of "Farm Aid" benefit concerts.

  • Also Credited As:
    William Hugh Nelson
  • Born:
    William Hugh Nelson on 04/30/1933 in Abbott, Texas
  • Job Titles:
    Singer, Songwriter, Actor, Producer, Disc jockey, Encyclopedia salesman (sold door to door)

Family
  • Daughter: Amy Nelson. Born in 1973; mother, Connie Koepke
  • Daughter: Lana Nelson. Born in 1953; mother, Martha Matthews
  • Daughter: Paula Nelson. Born in 1969; mother, Connie Koepke
  • Daughter: Susie Nelson. Born in 1956; mother, Martha Matthews
  • Father: Ira Nelson.
  • Mother: Myrle Nelson.
  • Sister: Bobby Lee Nelson.
  • Son: Billy Nelson. Born c. 1958; mother, Martha Matthews; committed suicide by hanging himself on Dec. 25, 1991 in Nashville, Tennessee; married to Janet Caldwell and had recently separated before his suicide; had undergone a 30-day hospital program for alcohol abuse in 1990
  • Son: Jacob Micah Nelson. Born in 1990; mother, Annie D'Angelo
  • Son: Lukas Autry Nelson. Born in 1989; mother, Annie D'Angelo

Significant Others
  • Wife: Connie Koepke. Married in the early 1970s; divorced in 1988; have two daugters together

Milestones
  • 1937 First public performance, recited a poem at a church picnic at age four
  • 1943 Joined first band, John Raycjeck's Bohemian Polka Band
  • 1956 Released first album, the self-financed No Place for Me; sold over the radio in Vancouver, Washington
  • 1961 Had first success as a songwriter with the Patsy Cline song, "Crazy"
  • 1962 Duets with second wife Shirley Collie hit the charts
  • 1964 Debuted at the Grand Old Opry (November 28)
  • 1970 Moved from Nashville back to Texas after his Tennessee home was destroyed in a fire
  • 1973 Released what is considered breakthrough album, Shotgun Willie
  • 1975 Became established star with release of Red Headed Stranger album
  • 1979 Made feature film acting debut in "The Electric Horseman"
  • 1980 First leading role in a film, "Honeysuckle Rose"; also wrote songs and music; earned Oscar nomination for Best Song for "On the Road Again"
  • 1980 In the mid-1980s, Nelson, Waylon Jennings, Kris Kristofferson, and Johnny Cash formed a group called The Highwaymen
  • 1982 Made TV acting debut in the docudrama, "Coming Out of the Ice"
  • 1983 Appeared in the documentary, "Hells Angels Forever"
  • 1986 First credit as producer, "Red-Headed Stranger"
  • 1990 Seven-year dispute with the IRS ended with IRS agents seizing Nelson's possessions (including the Pedernales Country Club and Recording Studio near Austin TX and his 44-acre Dripping Springs ranch, as well as properties in four other states and his instruments, recordings and memorabilia) in November, claiming he owed $16.7 million in back taxes, penalties and interest
  • 1993 Released Across the Borderline, with guests Bob Dylan, Sinéad O'Connor, David Crosby, Bonnie Raitt, Kris Kristofferson and Paul Simon
  • 1996 Featured on the Beach Boys' now out-of-print album Stars and Stripes Vol. 1, singing a cover of their 1964 song "The Warmth of the Sun"
  • 1998 Had a cameo in "Half Baked" as an elderly 'Historian Smoker'
  • 2004 Released the album, Outlaws & Angels; earned two Grammy nominations
  • 2005 Cast as Uncle Jesse in the big-screen version of "The Dukes of Hazzard" based on the 1970's hit show
  • 2006 Released "You Don't Know Me: The Songs of Cindy Walker," featuring songs written by the late Cindy Walker; earned a Grammy nomination for Best Country Album
  • Moved to Nashville
  • Moved to Texas in the late 1950s; settled in Houston and worked as a disc jockey
  • Raised by his paternal gradparents after parents' divorce

***************************************

In a business built on changes in cultural fashion, Willie Nelson seems very much the same as he was when he rose to national prominence in the mid-1970s -- still the same sinewy, off-the-beat, jazz-inflected voice, the same benign countenance and

if ; document.write(ad) the same hippie/thrift-shop costuming. The mileposts along his way tell a lot: He first charted in 1962 (with "Willingly"), had his first No. 1 in 1975 ("Blue Eyes Crying in the Rain"), scored 19 more No. 1's over the next 14 years and then returned triumphantly to the top again in 2003 via his duet with Toby Keith, "Beer for My Horses."

Willie Hugh Nelson was born April 30, 1933, in the tiny farming community of Abbott, Texas. After his parents separated, he and his sister Bobbie (who still plays piano in his band) were raised in that small farming town by their grandparents. He developed an interest in music early, singing in church when he was 4 and writing his first song when he was around 7. He also began assimilating from his community and the radio such different musical influences as gospel, western swing, pop, jazz and polka. At 9, he began playing in a local band.

After high school, Nelson served briefly in the Air Force and then spent some time as a student at Baylor University. Beginning in the mid-'50s, he worked as a disc jockey in Texas and Washington, played in honky-tonks and continued refining his skills as a songwriter. In 1960, he moved to Nashville and signed as a songwriter with Pamper Music. He joined Liberty Records in 1962, his first major label deal. It didn't take long for country artists to notice his talent as a composer. In 1961, Faron Young scored a No. 1 with Nelson's "Hello Walls." Later that year, Patsy Cline hit it big with "Crazy," and Billy Walker did moderately well with "Funny How Time Slips Away." In 1963, Ray Price, in whose band Nelson had once worked, had a No. 28 hit with the urbane, jazzy "Night Life."

Nelson's second single for Liberty, "Touch Me" in 1962, took him to No. 7, and that would remain his chart high point for the next 13 years. He recorded for RCA from 1965 until 1972, then moved to Atlantic Records. Dissatisfied with his pace as a recording artist, he returned to Texas, where he became a focal point of Austin's emerging progressive country music scene. It was during the early '70s that Nelson switched from suits and short hair to jeans, flowing locks and the omnipresent bandana. He staged and starred in the first of a series of outdoor music festivals -- the famed Fourth of July Picnics -- at Dripping Springs, Texas, in 1973. The concert drew thousands of fans more oriented to rock music than country, and he completely won them over.

In 1975, Nelson began a fruitful association with Columbia Records that would last into the '90s. As part of his deal with the label, he was given basic control over what and how he recorded. His first album for Columbia was the stripped-down and stark concept album, Red Headed Stranger. Although some at the label thought it sounded like a collection of demos, it proved its appeal when one of its songs, "Blue Eyes Crying in the Rain," went No. 1. Nelson's outsider mystique gained a name in 1976 with the release on RCA Records of Wanted: The Outlaws, a compilation of tracks cut by Nelson, Waylon Jennings, Jessi Colter and Tompall Glaser. Henceforth, Nelson was a charter member of "the outlaw movement." What that meant, essentially, was having creative control over one's own records, which had long been the practice of rock artists.

From 1975 onward, Nelson's star rose. He was the subject of hundreds of prominent articles, not only in fan magazines but also in the general press. He appeared on the then hip Saturday Night Live and began acting in movies. His album Stardust, which came out in 1978, stayed on the country charts for 10 years. In 1982, his album Always on My Mind won the CMA's album of the year award, while the title cut won for single of the year. During this period, he won five Grammys for his best-known work, including "Always on My Mind," "On the Road Again," "Georgia on My Mind," "Mammas Don't Let Your Babies Grow Up to Be Cowboys" (with Jennings) and "Blue Eyes Crying in the Rain."

As befits such prolific tenacity, Nelson has been showered with honors, among them admission to the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame (1973), the Country Music Hall of Fame (1993) and the Songwriters Hall of Fame (2001). In addition to the six Grammys he has won for specific records, the Recording Academy (which confers Grammys) has also given him its Living Legend Award (1990) and Lifetime Achievement Award (2000). Nelson has been nominated for 43 Country Music Association awards and has won nine of them, including the entertainer of the year prize (1979) and the vocal event of the year trophy (2002) for his duet with Lee Ann Womack, "Mendocino County Line." That collaboration also won a 2002 Grammy, 20 years after his previous win.

In 2006, he paid tribute to songwriting friend (and Country Music Hall of Fame member) Cindy Walker by recording an album of her songs, You Don't Know Me. By the end of the year, he also issued an album titled Songbird, produced by Ryan Adams and featuring Adams' band, the Cardinals.

.

The fact that his first appearance on the charts was a duet (with Shirley Collie, then his wife) may help account for Nelson's alacrity to be a duet partner for others. He has since recorded albums and/or hits singles with Tracy Nelson, Jennings, Price, Ray Charles, Leon Russell, Webb Pierce, Darrell McCall, actress Mary Kay Place, Hank Cochran, Danny Davis & the Nashville Brass, band member Jody Payne, Johnny Bush, Roger Miller, Dolly Parton, Merle Haggard, Brenda Lee, Julio Iglesias, Kris Kristofferson, David Allan Coe, Young, Porter Wagoner, Curtis Potter, Norah Jones, Sheryl Crow, Sinead O'Connor, Neil Young, Ryan Adams and the aforementioned Womack and Keith. One source puts Nelson's total number of duets with different artists at more than 80. He joined forces with Jennings, Kristofferson and Johnny Cash in 1985 for the No. 1 single, "Highwayman" and an album and tour of the same name.

In 1979, Nelson made his first foray into movies with The Electric Horseman, which gave him some wonderfully funny scenes with Robert Redford. He followed with Honeysuckle Rose (1980), in which he was the star -- and which introduced the song that would become his theme, "On the Road Again." Subsequent films include Thief (1981), Barbarosa (1982), The Songwriter (1984), Where the Hell's That Gold?!!? (1985), The Last Days of Frank & Jesse James (1986), Red Headed Stranger (1987), Once Upon a Texas Train (1988), Dust to Dust (1994), Gone Fishin' (1997), Wag the Dog (1997), Outlaw Justice (1999), The Journeyman (2001) and The Big Bounce (2004).

In 1990, the Internal Revenue Service presented Nelson with a tax bill for over $16 million and then seized most of his property to cover it. Nelson even managed to turn this setback into a publicity bonanza when he released the fund-raising double album, The IRS Tapes: Who'll Buy My Memories. For the past several years, Nelson has recorded critically praised work for a variety of labels, including Liberty, Justice, Island and Lost Highway.

As a political activist, Nelson co-founded the Farm Aid music festival in 1985 with fellow performers Young and John Mellencamp. Its purpose was and is to raise awareness about and funds for America's family farmers. Nelson has co-headlined the event every year since its inception, except for 1988, when it wasn't held. In 2004, he endorsed and appeared at benefits for Democratic presidential candidate Dennis Kucinich.

Besides the songs cited above, Nelson also wrote such standards as "Angel Flying Too Close to the Ground," "Good Hearted Woman" (with Jennings), "I'm a Memory," "Three Days" (with Young), "Me and Paul," "Bloody Mary Morning," "Pretend I Never Happened," "Why Do I Have to Choose," "Yesterday's Wine" and "Touch Me."

Nelson's albums -- nearly 300 titles, including repackagings -- have sold millions. Stardust, his 1978 cover collection of the pop hits of his youth, exceeds 5 million in sales, according to the Recording Industry Association of America. Three others have sold 4 million copies each, along with two double-platinum albums and nine platinum albums.

 

Videos

Allways On My Mind



Blue Eyes Crying In The Rain



Funny How Time Slips Away

Comentarios
Añadir nuevo Buscar RSS
+/-
Escribir comentario
Nombre:
Email:
 
Website:
Título:
Código UBB:
[b] [i] [u] [url] [quote] [code] [img] 
 
 
:angry::0:confused::cheer:B):evil::silly::dry::lol::kiss::D:pinch:
:(:shock::X:side::):P:unsure::woohoo::huh::whistle:;):s
:!::?::idea::arrow:
 

3.21 Copyright (C) 2007 Alain Georgette / Copyright (C) 2006 Frantisek Hliva. All rights reserved."

 
< Anterior   Siguiente >
Libro de Visitas, Guestbook

Contactar por E-mail